Equilibrium

Buffer Capacity

Acid and base added to buffers of various concentrations to show capacity and how it is affected.

Common Ion Effect

The addition of concentrated hydrochloric acid to a saturated solution of sodium chloride causes solid sodium chloride to precipitate out.

Copper-Ammonia Complex

Copper chloride solution forms a pale blue precipitate then a deep blue solution as ammonia is added.
Copper Hydroxide

Le Chatelier's Principle - Copper Ion

A copper(II) chloride solution alternates between blue and green when ligand concentrations change.
Le Chatelier Green

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© Copyright 2012 Email: Randy Sullivan, University of Oregon Chemistry Department and UO Libraries Interactive Media Group